04 July 2020


          COVID19 PENDEMIC

Covid19 is a type of biological disaster, which belong to the coronaviridae family like SARS or marce.this also infects humans, bats and certain other mammals. It is an enveloped positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus that enters its host cell by binding to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor.

The corona virus pandemic (2019–20) started as a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection in mid-December of 2019 in Wuhan city of central China.
 Many people started getting pneumonia without any reason and it was seen that most of the victims sell fish in the Wuhan Sea Food Market and also trade live animals.

Chinese scientists later identified a new breed of coronavirus that was given the 2019-nCoV initial designation.
This new virus found at least 70 percent of the same genome sequences found in SARS-Coronavirus.
It was not clear at first whether this virus is as serious or fatal as SARS.

The first suspected cases were reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019, with the first instances of symptomatic disease appearing only three weeks earlier on 8 December 2019.
The market was closed on 1 January 2020, and people with signs and symptoms of coronavirus infection were isolated.  More than 700 people, including more than 400 health workers who came in contact with potentially infected individuals, were initially monitored thereafter.

The spread of the corona virus was declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization on 30 January 2020, a type of emergency which is the sixth emergency by the WHO after the 2009 H1N1.

Kovid-19 has infected about 1crore people in the world so far, while around 80,00,000 people have died.

Sign & symptoms:-

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.

Most common symptoms:-
  • fever
  • dry cough
  • tiredness

Less common symptoms:-
  • Aches &pains
  • sore throat
  • diarrhoea
  • Conjunctivitis
  • headache
  • loss of taste or smell
  • rash on skin, or
  • discolouration of fingers or toes.

Serious symptoms:-
  • difficulty breathing 
  • Shortness of breath
  • chest pain or pressure
  • loss of speech or movement
  • Kidney failure
  • Death.

Seek immediate medical attention if you have serious symptoms. Always call before visiting your doctor or health facility.

People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should manage their symptoms at home.

On average it takes 7 days from when someone is infected with the virus for symptoms to show, however it can take up to 14 days corentine.


Social distance:-
People who are ill, you should avoid coming in close contact with them.

If a person is coughing or sneezing, keep a distance of at least 1 to 6 meter from the affected persons.


If you are coughing or sneezing, cover your face with a handkerchief or any other cloth or Tissue paper and then cough or sneeze.

Handle handkerchiefs or any other cloth or Tissue paper properly so that no other person can touch or reuse it.  This is very important.

Wash hands carefully:-
Wash your hands often with soap and water.

         (Precautions is better than cure)

Especially if you have come from a public place, then after washing, you must wash your hand for at least 20 seconds.

If soap and water are not readily available, use a good hand sanitizer.

Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth without washing your hands!

Automatic seperation:-
If you have come from an area where the corona virus was found, or there was an outbreak of the corona virus, in that case you stay at home corentine for 14 days.


If you start feeling unwell, make sure to stay home until you recover.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice immediately and Take a help with close doctors.


There is no specific treatment for disease caused by a novel coronavirus. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment based on the patient's clinical condition. 

All infected patient should receive supportive care to help alleviate symptoms. Vital organ function should be supported in severe cases.

In July AIIMS is among the 12 sites selected by the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) for conducting phase I and II human trials of Covaxin.


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