google-site-verification=cWndXyaTEZcYjY4FEyyTfPaDNZXT6dEW31FwW6Upp9A RECENT DISASTER: Earthquakes

04 July 2020

Earthquakes

Earthquake

A natural disaster earthquake can be defined as the shaking of earth due to a sudden movement of tectonic plates,volcanic erupt-ion,collepse and explosion. in which a huge energy released from the Earths crust in the form of seismic waves on the Earth surface.
This 'surface waves' shaking or disturb each and everything which live or stay on earth surfaces,like flora(plants), fauna(animals) and properties (building,bridge,vehical).
Sometimes,they cause tsunamis, which may lead to loss of life and properties...
Fig.Seismogr are instruments used to record the motion of the ground during an earthquake.

Earthquake Precautions:-

Precautions before earthquakes:-
  • Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home.
  • Learn first aid.
  • Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity.
  • Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
  • Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake).
  • Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor.
  • Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.
Precautions during earthquakes:-
Stay calm! If you're indoors, stay inside. If you're outside, stay outside.
  • If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). 
  • Stay away from windows and outside doors.
  • If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you).
  • Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. 
  • Broken gas lines and fire don't mix.
  • If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops.
  • Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyware)...
Precautions after earthquakes:-
  • Check yourself and others for injuries. 
  • Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
  • Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. 
  • Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone).
  • Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency.
  • Stay out of damaged buildings.
  • Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
  • Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you).
  • Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
  • Stay away from damaged areas.
  • If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge...
Expected aftershocks:-
Additional Disasters to Prepare For
Earthquakes can trigger additional emergencies, and individuals should also be prepared to contend with these related natural hazards:
  • Tsunamis near coastal areas
  • Landslides or mudslides in mountainous regions
  • ires if gas lines are ruptured or power lines spark blazes
  • Flooding if dams break or rivers are diverted.












3 comments:

  1. Super information...

    ReplyDelete
  2. Really it is important for us...

    ReplyDelete
  3. This is unpredictable natural disaster, whose affect minimise by this type of useful information...

    ReplyDelete

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